A History of the Patek Philippe Nautilus
Patek Philippe introduced the Nautilus in 1976. Since then, it’s become one of the brand’s most sought-after watches. In this feature, we trace the evolution of the Nautilus through its 40+-year history.
When Patek Philippe introduced the Nautilus in 1976, it wasn’t the first luxury sports watch in steel. That was claimed by Audemars Piguet Royal Oak in 1972. But the Nautilus was positioned at an even higher price point, and the ads for the first model, Reference 3700, played on this idea, showing the watch with the tagline, “One of the world’s costliest watches is made of steel.” The watch’s distinctive shape also drew attention. The bezel is neither round nor rectangular but is an octagon whose sides are curved outward. With a diameter of 42 mm, the Nautilus was ahead of its time in terms of size, and it was 3 mm larger than the Royal Oak.
Gérald Genta, who designed the Royal Oak for Audemars Piguet, brought his sketch for the Nautilus to Patek Philippe in 1974. The unusual case shape was inspired by a ship’s porthole, with a rounded octagonal bezel and “ears” on the case for a hinge on one side and a closure on the other. Embossed horizontal grooves on the dial and the integrated metal bracelet added to the watch’s character and made it easy to recognize. At this time, Patek Philippe collections were almost exclusively comprised of elegant gold watches with sophisticated complications like perpetual calendars and minute repeaters. Despite initial doubts that such a large and sporty timepiece would be an appropriate addition, Patek Philippe introduced the watch under the name “Nautilus” two years later.
The Nautilus name comes from the submarine featured in Jules Verne’s classic novel 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. The portholes on Captain Nemo’s submarine were often depicted as having an oval shape. The watch’s likeness to the porthole is not only visual. Like a porthole, the sides serve to attach the bezel to the case so there is only one opening, in addition to the crown. The movement and the dial are both taken out of the case from the front. This construction was necessary to achieve the watch’s water-resistance of 120 meters, which, at the time, was especially high. The Nautilus name emphasizes this feature. In another ad, the Nautilus is shown being worn on two very different wrists, one in a diving suit and the other informal evening wear.
The first Nautilus, Reference 3700, was powered by the thin self-winding movement 28-255, which was developed in 1967 by Jaeger-LeCoultre for Vacheron Constantin, Patek Philippe and Audemars Piguet. It was first used in the Royal Oak and designated Caliber 2121.
Demand for the Nautilus was rather slow at first, but this changed dramatically in 1980 when Patek Philippe introduced a ladies’ Nautilus with a quartz movement, and one year later, when a mid-size men’s version (Reference 3800) debuted that measured only 37 mm in diameter. In 1996, a Nautilus model was offered that had Roman numerals and a smooth dial. Gold versions were added soon thereafter. Once the smaller versions of the Nautilus became available, collectors began referring to the original, larger Nautilus as “Jumbo.” Production of this model stopped in 1990. It continues to achieve top prices at auctions.
Patek Philippe introduced a Nautilus in its original 42-mm size, Reference 3710, in 1998, but this model had Roman numerals and a power-reserve indicator. In 2005, Reference 3712 was added to the Nautilus collection. It had power-reserve and moon phase indicators, and a small pointer-date display arranged in an asymmetrical fashion. This model was updated after only one year.
In 2006, in celebration of the Nautilus’s 30th anniversary, Patek Philippe updated the collection with a rounder case shape and a modified case design. The case no longer consisted of a combined base and mid-section with a top, but now had a classical three-piece case structure. With modern manufacturing methods, the change did not affect the watch’s water resistance. And for every model, the “ears” attaching the bezel to the mid-section were rounded off, and the movement could be viewed through a transparent caseback. The bracelets were also refined and given a more modern look.
Reference 5711 was also introduced in 2006. It has a 43-mm-diameter case, surpassing the original Nautilus by 1 mm. (Measured without the crown, from 10 o’clock to 4 o’clock, it is 40 mm.) The classic three-hand watch in steel has a steel bracelet and a black-blue dial. The watch is powered by in-house Caliber 315 S C with a centrally mounted oscillating weight. It is a worthy successor to the original version and mirrors the look of that model, but with an added central sweep seconds hand. This model was a real hit and demand far exceeded supply. Like the Rolex Daytona, prices for this watch on the pre-owned market are about 50 percent higher than new – and this above the price of the current model of $29,800. (A pre-owned version with a white dial may be found at a lower price than the black/blue version.) The Nautilus cufflinks made by Patek Philippe show how strong the collection’s design is. They have the watch’s iconic shape, its two “ears,” and horizontal stripes in black/blue or other colors to match various models, under a sapphire crystal. These accessories can immediately be identified as part of the Nautilus watch family.
In the anniversary year 2006, the manufacture also debuted the Nautilus Chronograph with the newly developed Caliber 28-520 C, Reference 5980, which is currently available only in rose gold and in two-tone steel and rose gold. This was the first Nautilus to contain the chronograph movement with no additional functions – if you assume that a rapid-advance date, combined minutes and hour counter, and flyback function for the direct resetting of the running chronograph are not “additional functions.”
If we don’t count the ladies’ watches (which are available in various sizes with quartz or mechanical movements), five different models make up the current Nautilus collection.
- The standard model is the classic three-hand watch (Reference 5711) in steel with a steel bracelet.
- Reference 5712 offers more complexity with a power-reserve display, pointer date and moon-phase. It is available in steel, rose gold or white gold with a leather strap, and is powered by the Caliber 240 PS IRM C LU with a mini-rotor.
- Reference 5726 has even more features. The annual calendar has a date, day-of-the-week and month display in a window aperture. The small 24-hour display is integrated in the moon-phase. The movement, Caliber 324 S QA LU 24H/303, advances correctly for all months having 30 or 31 days.
- As noted earlier, the Nautilus Chronograph, Reference 5980 with Caliber 28-520 C, is currently only available in rose gold and in a two-tone combination.
- The flagship of the collection is the Nautilus Travel Time Chronograph, Reference 5990. The Caliber CH 28-520 C FUS self-winding mechanism has a stopwatch display for minutes and seconds on the dial as well as a pointer date and a second time zone. There is a day/night indicator for both local and home time. Engineers cleverly integrated two pushers in the “ear” on the left side of the case to advance the local time forward or back.
Two limited-edition models that Patek Philippe introduced in 2016 to celebrate the 40 years anniversary of the Nautilus have attracted a great deal of attention: a platinum version of Reference 5711, limited to 700 pieces, priced at $113,400, and a chronograph version in white gold with a larger 44-mm case. This model was limited to 1,300 pieces and priced at $96,390. The baguette diamonds used as hour markers and the imprinted anniversary date on the dial (40 1976-2016) were sometimes seen as too ostentatious. Yet despite the high prices due to the case materials, even these Nautilus models were highly sought after and quickly sold out.
Both the example of the anniversary models and the enormous demand for the three-hand Nautilus in steel show the desirability of this iconic watch. And just this year, Patek Philippe introduced at Baselworld the first perpetual calendar in the Nautilus collection. Like the Nautilus itself, the tagline, “One of the world’s costliest watches is made of steel,” appears to have lost none of its currency.